Joseph A. Mele MD
Plastic Surgery


Congenital Abnormalities - Poland Syndrome

Congenital Abnormalities - Poland Syndrome

Poland Syndrome can present as absence of the nipple, areola, breast, and the sternal head of the pectoralis major muscle. Sometimes the fingers on the affected side are webbed (ipsilateral syndactyly). Poland Syndrome goes by many names including: Poland's syndrome, Poland sequence, Poland's anomaly and Poland's syndactyly.

Poland Syndrome is more common in men than in women, and more frequently affects the right side. The absence of the breast causes significant asymmetry, which for young women, may not be completely apparent until after the breast begin to develop. Both the breast and hand deformities associated with Poland Syndrome can be significantly reduced with plastic surgery. The treatment is tailored to each patients specific problems.

Congenital Abnormalities - Tuberous or Tubular Breasts and the ”Snoopy Nose“ Deformity

Tubular Breast Deformity Correction requires careful preoperative evaluation and counseling. For more information about Tubular Breast Deformity Correction, visit our Tubular Breast Deformity page.

Tubular Breast Deformity Correction in the San Francisco Bay Area